psychiatryRounds

Connecting Psychiatry - Expert community for all mental health professionals

PsychiatryRounds Psychiatry News's Blog – August 2007 Archive (24)

Damp and Moldy Housing Linked to Depression but So Is Lack of Control

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - MedPage Today Action Points



o If patients ask, explain that this study did not find a direct link between household mold and depression.



o Explain that depression was linked to living in a damp, moldy residence, lack of control over the housing environment, and mold-related health problems.



o Point out that causality cannot be determined and it is not known which factor comes first.



PROVIDENCE, R.I., Aug. 30 -- Depression and… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 30, 2007 at 10:30pm — No Comments

Post-op Delirium More Frequent If Alzheimer's-Linked Allele Present

MedPage Today Action Points



o Explain to patients who ask that postoperative delirium among older patients is a risk factor for discharge to a nursing facility or in-hospital death.



SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 24 -- Older surgical patients who carry the (ApoE4) allele, a risk factor for early-onset Alzheimer's disease, are an at increased risk for postoperative delirium, according to researchers here.



Among patients over 65 who had major surgery other than cardiac… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 24, 2007 at 10:00pm — No Comments

FDA Okays Risperidone for Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder in Kids

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - ROCKVILLE, Md., Aug. 22 -- The FDA approved risperidone (Risperdal) today for schizophrenia in adolescents and for bipolar I disorder in pediatric patients as young as 10.



The action marks the first time that the FDA has approved an atypical antipsychotic medication for use in children, said Thomas Laughren, M.D., director of the division of psychiatry products at the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.



At a press briefing Dr. Laughren said… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 22, 2007 at 10:30pm — No Comments

Brain Protein Linked to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, in Mice

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - MedPage Today Action Points



o Explain to interested patients that obsessive-compulsive disorder affects about 2% of the population, but its causes are poorly understood.



o Note that this study suggests a protein in the brain, which plays a role in nerve cell communication, may be implicated in the pathogenesis of the disorder.



o Caution that the research took place in mice and may not fully represent the extent of human obsessive-compulsive… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 22, 2007 at 9:00pm — No Comments

Brain Protein Linked to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, in Mice

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - DURHAM, N.C., Aug. 22 -- The mystery of obsessive-compulsive disorder may be at least partly solved, with a discovery that implicates a structural protein missing in the brains of certain excessively groomed mice.



Mice lacking the protein exhibit excessive grooming to the point of causing skin damage and increased anxiety, characteristics reminiscent of those in human OCD, Guoping Feng, Ph.D., of Duke, and colleagues, reported in the Aug. 23 issue of… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 22, 2007 at 9:00pm — No Comments

FDA Okays Risperidone for Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder in Kids

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - ROCKVILLE, Md., Aug. 22 -- The FDA approved risperidone (Risperdal) today for schizophrenia in adolescents and for bipolar I disorder in pediatric patients as young as 10.



The action marks the first time that the FDA has approved an atypical antipsychotic medication for use in children, said Thomas Laughren, M.D., director of the division of psychiatry products at the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.



At a press briefing Dr. Laughren said… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 22, 2007 at 3:30am — No Comments

Tau-Targeted Vaccine Slows Murine Dementia

NEW YORK, Aug. 21 -- An experimental vaccine aimed at tangles of tau protein, the lesser-known Alzheimer's pathology, slowed deterioration of function and frontotemporal dementia in mice, found investigators here.



When injected into mice bred to develop abnormal tangles of tau protein -- a pathologic hallmark of Alzheimer's dementia along with beta-amyloid plaque -- the vaccine induced antibodies to tau that crossed the blood-brain barrier and reduced the tau burden, reported Einar… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 21, 2007 at 10:00pm — No Comments

APA: Sexual Assaults More Severe Against Women With Physical Disabilities

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - MedPage Today Action Points



o Explain to interested patients the risks of sexual assault because of the belief among predators that women with disabilities are easier targets.



o This study was published as an abstract and presented orally at a conference. These data and conclusions should be considered to be preliminary as they have not yet been reviewed and published in a peer-reviewed publication.



SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 20 -- Sexual… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 20, 2007 at 11:30pm — No Comments

Weight Loss Comes Before a Cognitive Fall

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - MedPage Today Action Points



o Explain to patients who ask that there are many different causes of weight loss, and that there is no evidence to suggest that weight loss itself might be a risk factor for dementia.



ROCHESTER, Minn., Aug. 20 -- A decade before women develop dementia, they may begin to have an unexplained loss of weight, according to investigators here.



Women who went on to develop dementia weighed an average of 12 pounds less… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 20, 2007 at 10:00pm — No Comments

Gene Variant Predicts Treatment Success in Depression

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - MedPage Today Action Points



o Explain to interested patients that treatment for depression is usually based on trial and error because not all patients respond to the same medications.



o Note that this study suggests that detectable genetic variations may eventually help guide treatment decisions.



o Caution that more research is needed.



BETHESDA, Md., Aug. 1 -- The success of treatment with the antidepressant citalopram (Celexa)… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 1, 2007 at 10:30pm — No Comments

Suicide in Depression: Balancing Risk Factors, Identifying Vulnerable Patients

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - This May, the FDA called for a black box warning on antidepressants to indicate that patients aged 18 to 24 years are at heightened risk for treatment-emergent suicidality. But a member of the FDA advisory committee that recommended that warning has issued his own warning, saying that the "real killer in this story is untreated depression and the possible risk from antidepressant treatment is dwarfed by that from the disease."



Andrew Leon, PhD, professor of… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 1, 2007 at 10:30pm — No Comments

Depression: Resources for Primary Care Physicians

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - About 10% of all outpatients have major depression.1,2 Although you can prescribe pharmacotherapy, you probably do not have the time to provide extensive counseling. What else can you offer patients with depression and other mood disorders? Listed here are some organizations that provide educational conferences, depression screening tools, patient education materials, support groups, and information about community resources. Many patients with mood disorders benefit from… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 1, 2007 at 10:30pm — No Comments

Depression: Guidelines for Effective Primary Care, Part 2, Treatment

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - Although most persons with depression can be successfully treated with medications and/or psychotherapy, many do not seek treatment. Left untreated, depression leads to deterioration of interpersonal, social, and vocational functioning, which results in loss of productivity, psychosocial decline, and increased mortality.1,2



Here I outline the treatment options for depression, including complementary therapies. In a previous article (CONSULTANT, July 2007), I… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 1, 2007 at 10:30pm — No Comments

Simple Test Lends a Hand With Alzheimer Diagnosis

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - A quick test for detecting Alzheimer disease is to tell the patient that you will try to shake his or her hand—but at the same time tell him not to do it. Then extend your hand. If he involuntarily extends his hand to shake yours, he fails the test. Alzheimer disease is a cortical dementia, and the involuntary extension of his hand in response to yours indicates that the cortex of his brain is not functioning well enough to override the influence of an environmental factor… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 1, 2007 at 10:00pm — No Comments

PIB-PET opens diagnostic front in Alzheimer's disease

Australian researchers using PET imaging with Pittsburgh Compound B found a link between the progressive accumulation of beta-amyloid plaque in the brain and mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Findings could pertain to anti-amyloid drugs now in clinical trials.

For full article, please visit:
http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/alzheimer-dementia/article/113619/1187152

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 1, 2007 at 10:00pm — No Comments

Anorexia Nervosa Is Common But Often Transient

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - HELSINKI, Finland, Aug. 1 -- The prevalence of anorexia is greater than previously thought, but so is recovery, according to a Finnish twin study.





By age 30, up to 70% of Finnish women with anorexia nervosa had recovered from the eating disorder, Anna Keski-Rahkonen, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of Helsinki and Columbia University, and colleagues reported in the Aug. 1 issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry.





In the nationwide study… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 1, 2007 at 5:30am — No Comments

Practice Parameter Provides Guidance on Childhood Anxiety

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - A new set of guidelines confirms the value of psychotherapy, medications—including SSRIs—and combinations of therapy in managing anxiety disorders in children. The revised practice parameter on anxiety disorders from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, published recently in the academy's journal, covers most of the anxiety disorders, such as phobias, separation anxiety disorder (SAD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and panic disorder (PD), but not… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 1, 2007 at 5:00am — No Comments

The Relationship Between Anxiety Disorders and Sexual Dysfunction

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - Anxiety can be defined as a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical, psychological, and cognitive symptoms. In the context of stress or danger, these reactions are normal. However, some people feel extremely anxious with everyday activities, which may result in distress and significant impairment of normal activity.



Anxiety disorders are a group of clinical entities in which an abnormal level of anxiety is the prominent symptom. This group… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 1, 2007 at 5:00am — No Comments

Anorexia Nervosa Is Common But Often Transient

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - MedPage Today Action Points



o Explain to interested patients that many cases of anorexia go undetected by the health care system.



o Inform patients that the Finnish researchers found that almost 70% of young women with the eating disorder recovered within five years.



HELSINKI, Finland, Aug. 1 -- The prevalence of anorexia is greater than previously thought, but so is recovery, according to a Finnish twin study.



By age 30, up to… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 1, 2007 at 4:00am — No Comments

Involuntary Emotional Expression Disorder Often Misdiagnosed and Untreated

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - Involuntary emotional expression disorder (IEED) tends to be underdiagnosed and misdiagnosed by physicians and often remains untreated, according to a recent study that used a novel method to estimate its prevalence among patients with several different neurological disorders.1



IEED, also known as pseudobulbar affect, emotional lability, and pathological laughing and crying, is characterized by uncontrollable episodes of crying or laughter that are exaggerated… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on August 1, 2007 at 3:30am — No Comments

Monthly Archives

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

1999


psychiatryRounds Social Media

Sponsors

CMEinfo: Board Reviews in Anesthesia, Cardiology, Internal Medicine, Radiology

© 2019   Created by PsychiatryRounds Team.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service