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September 2007 News and Blog Posts (31)

Depression Eclipses Other Chronic Disease for Poor Health Statu

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - MedPage Today Action Points



o Explain to patients who ask that depression in individuals with a major chronic disease is often ignored, even though if left untreated health suffers.



GENEVA, Switzerland, Sept. 7 -- No individual chronic disease -- not angina, not arthritis, not asthma, not diabetes -- is more disabling than depression, according to a World Health Organization study.



In the World Health Survey of 245,404 patients ages 18 and… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on September 7, 2007 at 10:30pm — No Comments

Depression Eclipses Other Chronic Disease for Poor Health Status

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - GENEVA, Switzerland, Sept. 7 -- No individual chronic disease -- not angina, not arthritis, not asthma, not diabetes -- is more disabling than depression, according to a World Health Organization study.



In the World Health Survey of 245,404 patients ages 18 and older, from 60 countries in all regions of the world. respondents with depression had the lowest health score among all five chronic disease conditions, 72.9 (P<0.0001).



On the basis of… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on September 7, 2007 at 10:30pm — No Comments

New Schizophrenia Drug Looks Promising

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - MedPage Today Action Points



o Explain to interested patients that the new therapy may be as effective as currently available treatments for schizophrenia without any of the side effects typically associated with these drugs including weight gain and involuntary movements.



o Explain to interested patients that this drug is not yet available and further studies are needed to confirm the new findings.



o Explain to interested patients that… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on September 7, 2007 at 10:30pm — No Comments

Pregnancy and Birth Spur Anxiety Dreams in Mom

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - MedPage Today Action Points



o Explain to interested patients that many sleep-deprived pregnant women and new mothers undergoing hormonal changes and faced with maternal responsibility may have frightening dreams about birth complications or danger to the new baby.



MONTREAL, Sept. 4 -- Vivid dreams of babies in peril are common among sleep-deprived pregnant women and new mothers, often inspiring a need to check on the infant.



Among… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on September 4, 2007 at 5:00am — No Comments

Study Provides Snapshot of ADHD Prevalence in U.S. Children

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - MedPage Today Action Points



o Explain to interested parents that this study suggests that less than half of the 2.4 million children ages 8 to 15 who meet standard diagnostic criteria for ADHD receive treatment.



o Note that there are also ADHD prevalence discrepancies between racial and ethnic groups and according to socioeconomic status.



CINCINNATI, Sept.4 -- Almost 9% of U.S. children ages 8 to 15 meet standard diagnostic criteria for… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on September 4, 2007 at 2:30am — No Comments

The Neurobiology of Treatment-Resistant Depression

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - Treatment-resistant unipolar major depression appears to be the rule rather than the exception. This view is supported by data from the STAR*D program, a multilevel treatment trial for major depression.1 Level 1 treatment was citalopram flexibly dosed from 20 to 60 mg/d (mean dose, 41.8 mg/d) for 12 weeks.1 Even though patients were naive to antidepressant treatment at study entry, only about one third achieved remission, a rate much lower than… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on September 1, 2007 at 10:30pm — No Comments

Treatment-Resistant Depression: The Role of Gene Factors

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - Major depressive disorder (MDD) affects a large proportion of the world's population, but much still needs to be done to categorically improve the lives of people with this condition. Major depression is a syndrome defined by the presence of subjective symptoms and consequent suffering or dysfunction. This nonetiological categorization renders major depression a highly heterogeneous condition,1 which is reflected in the high variability of associated features, such as age… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on September 1, 2007 at 10:30pm — No Comments

Exploring OCD Subtypes and Treatment Resistance

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heterogeneous disorder with a variety of phenotypic expressions. Delineation of clinically distinct subtypes of the disorder may be valuable in predicting treatment response and resistance. This review focuses on putative clinical determinants, primarily psychiatric comorbidities, associated with treatment resistance in OCD. Therapeutic strategies used in clinically relevant OCD subtypes (eg, tic-related OCD, hoarding subtype, and… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on September 1, 2007 at 10:30pm — No Comments

Diagnosing Dementia: Essential for Prognosis, Treatment, and Potential Cure

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - Defined as a clinical syndrome involving progressive deterioration in multiple areas of cognitive functioning, dementia is a major cause of disability, institutionalization, and increased mortality among the elderly.1 Although it can occur in younger persons too, dementia is typically associated with aging. It is often seen as a disease that cannot be prevented or cured. However, there is increasing evidence that some types of dementia can be successfully treated or even… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on September 1, 2007 at 9:30pm — No Comments

Exploring OCD Subtypes and Treatment Resistance

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heterogeneous disorder with a variety of phenotypic expressions. Delineation of clinically distinct subtypes of the disorder may be valuable in predicting treatment response and resistance. This review focuses on putative clinical determinants, primarily psychiatric comorbidities, associated with treatment resistance in OCD. Therapeutic strategies used in clinically relevant OCD subtypes (eg, tic-related OCD, hoarding subtype, and… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on September 1, 2007 at 9:00pm — No Comments

Behavioral Treatment for Substance Abuse in People With Serious and Persistent Mental Illness: A Handbook for Mental Health Professionals

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - This practical guide is authored by a well-respected group of clinical researchers with extensive expertise in the behavioral treatment of persons who have substance use disorders and serious mental illnesses.



The book begins with a concise but thorough orientation to behavioral treatment for such patients, including a review of the scientific literature pertaining to treatment in this patient group.



Topics covered in the text include some of the most… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on September 1, 2007 at 1:30am — No Comments

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