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January 2004 News and Blog Posts (4)

Hormonal Treatments for Women With Schizophrenia

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - Emil Kraepelin proposed links between dementia praecox (schizophrenia) and hormones in 1892. Other early researchers, such as Hoskins, studied endocrine changes in people with schizophrenia at postmortem. The discovery of insulin further stimulated interest in the interaction between behavior and metabolism. Between 1940 and 1970, there was considerable interest in the psychoendocrinology of schizophrenia. Mason (1975) demonstrated the mimicking of psychotic symptoms by… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on January 1, 2004 at 11:00pm — No Comments

Gender Differences in Panic Disorder

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - According to the DSM-IV, panic disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder consisting of repeated and unexpected panic attacks. Panic attacks are defined as discrete events characterized by the sudden onset of cardiorespiratory symptoms and physiological arousal, accompanied by catastrophic fears and the urge to flee. Typically, these symptoms include shortness of breath, tachycardia, nausea, sweating, and fears that the individual is losing control or going crazy. Such… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on January 1, 2004 at 5:30am — No Comments

ECT: Serendipity or Logical Outcome?

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - (The first use of induced seizures to treat a mental disorder was 70 years ago. In a series of columns, the implications of this anniversary will be explored--Ed.)



On Jan. 23, 1934, the Hungarian neuropathologist Ladislas Meduna, M.D., injected camphor-in-oil in a catatonic patient, seeking to relieve schizophrenia. The patient seized and survived. Following the model of fever therapy for neurosyphilis--a treatment that was then in high regard and wide… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on January 1, 2004 at 4:00am — No Comments

Hormones for Perimenopausal and Postmenopausal Depression

(PSYCHIATRIC TIMES) - Estrogen and progesterone are believed to play a role in the regulation of mood and well-being. Several mechanisms have been proposed for this effect, including the hormones' influence on monoamine oxidase (MAO) metabolism. Estrogen inhibits MAO, thereby diminishing the degradation of norepinephrine and serotonin and thus increasing their activity, while progesterone has the reverse impact on MAO (Chakravorty and Halbreich, 1997; Luine and Rhodes, 1983). Allopregnanolone,… Continue

Added by psychiatryRounds Psychiatry News on January 1, 2004 at 2:30am — No Comments

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